Vulcano (Sicilian: Vurcanu) or “Vulcan” is a small volcanic island in the Tyrrhenian Sea, about 25 km (16 mi) north of Sicily and located at the southernmost end of the seven Aeolian Islands. The island is 21 km2 (8 sq mi) in area, rises to 501 m (1,644 ft) above sea level, and it contains several volcanic caldera, including one of the four active volcanoes in Italy that are not submarine.
The word “volcano”, and its equivalent in several European languages, derives from the name of this island, which in turn derives from Vulcan, the Roman god of fire.
The Aeolian Islands (/iːˈoʊliən/ ee-OH-lee-ən; Italian: Isole Eolie [ˈiːzole eˈɔːlje]; Sicilian: Ìsuli Eoli; Greek: Αιολίδες Νήσοι, romanized: Aiolídes Nísoi), sometimes referred to as the Lipari Islands or Lipari group (/ˈlɪpəri/ LIP-ə-ree, Italian: [ˈliːpari]) after their largest island, are a volcanic archipelago in the Tyrrhenian Sea north of Sicily, named after the demigod of the winds Aeolus. The islands’ inhabitants are known as Aeolians (Italian: Eoliani). The islands have a permanent population of 14,224 at the 2011 Census; the latest official estimate (as at 1 January 2019) in 15,419. The Aeolian Islands are a popular tourist destination in the summer and attract up to 200,000 visitors annually.
The islands include Lipari, Vulcano, Salina, Stromboli, Filicudi, Alicudi and Panarea.